news 2017


Category
Politics - 30.12.2017
Political scientist studies apocalyptic political rhetoric
Stanford political scientist Alison McQueen's research shows that apocalyptic rhetoric can make wars, natural disasters, economic collapse and even the possibility of nuclear war easier to understand. But although it can rouse people to action, apocalyptic rhetoric also carries great peril.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.12.2017
Cooling glove helps athletes and patients
What unites the needs of Ebola workers, people with multiple sclerosis and athletes comes down to one thing - cold hands. A device that cools the hands is finding widespread use from the playing field to the clinic.

Health - Chemistry - 25.12.2017
New hope for stopping an understudied heart disease in its tracks
Biomedical engineering professor Kristyn Masters handles samples in her lab, where she and colleagues identified the early stages of a process that may eventually cause aortic stenosis, a severe narrowing of the aortic valve that reduces blood flow to the body and weakens the heart.

Life Sciences - 25.12.2017
How the brain selectively remembers new places
How the brain selectively remembers new places
When you enter a room, your brain is bombarded with sensory information. If the room is a place you know well, most of this information is already stored in long-term memory. However, if the room is unfamiliar to you, your brain creates a new memory of it almost immediately.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 21.12.2017
Researchers publish the first comprehensive list of vascular plant species of the Americas
Researchers publish the first comprehensive list of vascular plant species of th
ANN ARBOR-An international research team has assembled the first complete list of all known vascular plant species in the Americas. The searchable database contains nearly 125,000 species representing one-third of all known vascular plants worldwide.

Health - Art and Design - 21.12.2017
Weekly Fish Consumption Linked to Better Sleep, Higher IQ, Penn Study Finds
Thursday, December 21, 2017 - Children who eat fish at least once a week sleep better and have IQ scores that are 4 points higher, on average, than those who consume fish less frequently or not at all, according to new findings from the University of Pennsylvania published today in Scientific Reports , a Nature journal.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.12.2017
New test shows when body is fighting a virus
A new test that measures RNA or protein molecules in human cells can accurately identify viral infection as a cause of respiratory symptoms, according to a Yale study published Dec. 21 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Astronomy/Space Science - Chemistry - 21.12.2017
While earthlings take a break, the Mars rover keeps working
While earthlings take a break, the Mars rover keeps working
While many of us will spend the final days of 2017 taking a break from work, the ChemCam instrument aboard NASA's Mars Curiosity rover will keep busy.

Electroengineering - Physics - 21.12.2017
New depth sensors could be sensitive enough for self-driving cars
New depth sensors could be sensitive enough for self-driving cars
For the past 10 years, the Camera Culture group at MIT's Media Lab has been developing innovative imaging systems - from a camera that can see around corners to one that can read text in closed books - by using "time of flight," an approach that gauges distance by measuring the time it takes light projected into a scene to bounce back to a sensor.

Health - 21.12.2017
Clinical trial of novel approach to treating osteoporosis represents "significant breakthrough," according to clinician-scientist at the Lady Davis Institute
Clinical trial of novel approach to treating osteoporosis represents "significant breakthrough," according to clinician-scientist at the Lady Davis Institute.

Astronomy/Space Science - Physics - 20.12.2017
Cosmic Filament Probes Our Galaxy’s Giant Black Hole
Cosmic Filament Probes Our Galaxy's Giant Black Hole
The center of our Galaxy has been intensely studied for many years, but it still harbors surprises for scientists. A snake-like structure lurking near our galaxy's supermassive black hole is the latest discovery to tantalize astronomers.

Earth Sciences - Innovation - 20.12.2017
Modeling the Effects of Wastewater Injection
Modeling the Effects of Wastewater Injection
Earth scientists develop a model to estimate the largest possible quake in a given location that could be caused by the disposal of water used in hydraulic fracturing. In work that offers insight into the magnitude of the hazards posed by earthquake faults in general, seismologists have developed a model to determine the size of an earthquake that could be triggered by the underground injection of fluids produced as a by-product of hydraulic fracturing.

Social Sciences - Career - 20.12.2017
Five Chicago sports franchises partner with UChicago Crime Lab to address violence
For the first time, five of Chicago's professional sports teams are joining together to work on a vital social issue, lending their broad reach and resources in support of solutions to decrease violence in the city.

Physics - 20.12.2017
New technique allows rapid screening for new types of solar cells
New technique allows rapid screening for new types of solar cells
The worldwide quest by researchers to find better, more efficient materials for tomorrow's solar panels is usually slow and painstaking. Researchers typically must produce lab samples - which are often composed of multiple layers of different materials bonded together - for extensive testing.

Mathematics - Innovation - 20.12.2017
A ’STEM’ parent boosts girls’ participation in science degrees
ANN ARBOR-Even when girls perform just as well as boys on standardized math tests, they are half as likely to major in science at college. However, having one parent or guardian work in the STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) field makes it more likely for girls to perform better in math and to enroll in a "hard sciences" college degree in programs such as engineering, architecture, math and computer science.

Computer Science - Electroengineering - 20.12.2017
Memristors power quick-learning neural network
Memristors power quick-learning neural network
ANN ARBOR-A new type of neural network made with memristors can dramatically improve the efficiency of teaching machines to think like humans. The network, called a reservoir computing system, could predict words before they are said during conversation, and help predict future outcomes based on the present.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 20.12.2017
Origins of photosynthesis in plants dated to 1.25 billion years ago
The world's oldest algae fossils are a billion years old, according to a new analysis by earth scientists at McGill University. Based on this finding, the researchers also estimate that theábasis for photosynthesis in today's plants was set in place 1.25 billion years ago.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.12.2017
LGBQ Adolescents at Much Greater Risk of Suicide than Heterosexual Counterparts
Tuesday, December 19, 2017 - Adolescents who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or questioning are much more likely to consider, plan or attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers, according to research from the University of Pennsylvania , the University of California, San Diego , and San Diego State University published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association .

Career - 19.12.2017
New approach to reducing gender inequality at work
A new approach for reducing gender inequality in the workplace has shown promise in a pilot project at several companies. It combines existing tools and adds an evaluation of places where biases could creep in to a company's procedures.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2017
Just 4,000 steps a day can lead to better brain health
Just 4,000 steps a day can lead to better brain health
For adults 60 and older, moderate daily walks improve attention and mental skills, UCLA study finds.

Politics - Economics - 19.12.2017
Street signs
Street signs
Day after day in early 2011, massive crowds gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square, calling for the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Away from the square, the protests had another effect, as a study co-authored by an MIT professor shows.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.12.2017
A non-invasive method to detect Alzheimer’s disease
New research has drawn a link between changes in the brain's anatomy and biomarkers that are known to appear at the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), findings that could one day provide a sensitive but non-invasive test for AD before cognitive symptoms appear.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.12.2017
Neurons Encoding Familiarity and Novelty
Neurons Encoding Familiarity and Novelty
Caltech researchers discover that neurons within the posterior parietal cortex gather information about our memories to help us make memory-based decisions. It's a bit frustrating and a bit embarrassing: when a person looks so familiar, but their name hovers just out of mental reach, on the tip of your tongue.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 18.12.2017
Engineers: Bone Marrow Transplant Stem Cells Can ’Swim’ Upstream
Engineers: Bone Marrow Transplant Stem Cells Can 'Swim' Upstream
When a cancer patient receives a bone marrow transplant, time is of the essence. Healthy stem cells, which can restart the production of blood cells and immune system components after a patient's own are compromised, need to make their way from the circulatory system into the bones as quickly as possible.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 18.12.2017
Oldest fossils ever found show life on Earth began before 3.5 billion years ago
Geoscience Professor John Valley, left, and research scientist Kouki Kitajima collaborate in the Wisconsin Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer Lab (WiscSIMS) in Weeks Hall. Photo: Jeff Miller Researchers at UCLA and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have confirmed that microscopic fossils discovered in a nearly 3.5 billion-year-old piece of rock in Western Australia are the oldest fossils ever found and indeed the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth.

Life Sciences - Astronomy/Space Science - 18.12.2017
Ancient fossil microorganisms indicate that life in the universe is common
Ancient fossil microorganisms indicate that life in the universe is common
A new analysis of the oldest known fossil microorganisms provides strong evidence to support an increasingly widespread understanding that life in the universe is common. The microorganisms, from Western Australia, are 3.465 billion years old.

Astronomy/Space Science - Physics - 18.12.2017
Star Mergers: A New Test of Gravity, Dark Energy Theories
Star Mergers: A New Test of Gravity, Dark Energy Theories
When scientists recorded a rippling in space-time, followed within two seconds by an associated burst of light observed by dozens of telescopes around the globe, they had witnessed, for the first time, the explosive collision and merger of two neutron stars.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.12.2017
Researchers ID Plant ’Sunscreen’ Protein
For plants, light is great, until it's not. They need the sun's energy to carry out photosynthesis, but too much light damages the chloroplasts in plant cells where light, water, and carbon dioxide are converted into sugar and oxygen.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.12.2017
Understanding the Neural Mechanisms of Sleep
Understanding the Neural Mechanisms of Sleep
Sleep is a crucial behavior for a properly functioning mind and body-just ask anyone who has experienced a sleepless night. But the complex neural mechanisms underlying sleep are only just beginning to be explored.

Health - Administration - 15.12.2017
Opportunities to vaccinate young women against HPV missed at alarming rate
Two-thirds of young women aged 18-26 who were eligible to receive Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine have missed at least one opportunity to receive the vaccine during a visit to an obstetrics and gynecology clinic, Yale researchers report.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.12.2017
How privacy policies affect genetic testing
Physics - Chemistry - 12.12.2017
Engineers create plants that glow
Environment - Earth Sciences - 11.12.2017
Decades of increased burning deplete soil carbon
Astronomy/Space Science - Physics - 8.12.2017
First measurement of the cosmic-ray spectrum with HAWC
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 8.12.2017
CMU Receives $7.5M in Federal BRAIN Initiative Funding
Physics - Chemistry - 8.12.2017
Hot bodies are attractive
Social Sciences - Law - 7.12.2017
New study analyzes recent gun violence research
Life Sciences - Health - 7.12.2017
Boosting the antibiotic arsenal
Astronomy/Space Science - Physics - 7.12.2017
Software advances modeling of astronomical observations
Life Sciences - Physics - 6.12.2017
The World’s Smallest Mona Lisa
Astronomy/Space Science - 4.12.2017
A New Spin to Solving Mystery of Stellar Companions
Life Sciences - 4.12.2017
How the brain keeps time
Physics - Astronomy/Space Science - 22.11.2017
How the Earth Stops High-Energy Neutrinos in Their Tracks
Physics - Astronomy/Space Science - 22.11.2017
Icebound detector reveals how ghostly neutrinos are stopped cold
Life Sciences - Art and Design - 22.11.2017
Do birdsong and human speech share biological roots?
Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2017
Why are global CO2 emissions on the rise again?
Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 17.11.2017
Winds of change for vertical axis turbines?
Physics - Electroengineering - 16.11.2017
A new window into electron behavior
Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2017
Stress can lead to risky decisions
Chemistry - Physics - 16.11.2017
A new way to store thermal energy
Health - Life Sciences - 15.11.2017
Gut microbes can protect against high blood pressure
Health - Life Sciences - 6.11.2017
Potential treatment to stop glaucoma in its tracks
Physics - Electroengineering - 6.11.2017
’Smart’ paper can conduct electricity, detect water
Health - Life Sciences - 6.11.2017
New techniques give blood biopsies greater promise
Life Sciences - Health - 6.11.2017
Improving Cancer Detection with Liquid Biopsies
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 2.11.2017
Chromosomes ’Cheat’ for the Chance to Get Into an Egg
Health - Psychology - 2.11.2017
How air pollution clouds mental health
Life Sciences - Health - 2.11.2017
Mapping Earth’s Microbiome
Research Management - Life Sciences - 1.11.2017
U-M ranks 8th in US for research output
Health - Life Sciences - 27.10.2017
Regular marijuana use linked to more sex
Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.10.2017
Winds Driving Warm Water Under East Antarctic